The combativity award (or Prix de la combativité) is awarded to the most aggressive rider during the Tour de France race. It recognizes the rider who has made the greatest effort, or demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship during the race.
There is a winner chosen for each stage of the Tour de France as well as a “super combativity” winner, which is selected at the end of the three-week long Tour de France race.
Judges Of The Combativity Award
Since 2003, the award is awarded based on the decision of a jury. The jury is made up of eight specialists in cycling—ranging from former riders, journalists and the race technical director Thierry Gouvenou. These jury members decide the winner on a daily basis for each stage of the race, excluding time trials.
The winner is chosen based on each player’s number of attacks during the day, total distance in breakaway groups, checkpoints wins and outright stage wins. Unlike the other Tour prizes, the most aggressive rider does not necessarily have to complete the race.
On one occasion in 1961, the award was not given to an individual cyclist, but to an entire team—West-South-West.
Since 2016, social media users get to have a say as well. The public submits nominations via Twitter on the two rest days; the rider who secures the most retweets will be nominated for the final vote. Finally, the public votes on the most aggressive rider on the final day in Paris.
What's The Prize?
The rider who wins the combativity award at each stage gets to wear a special bib on the following race day. His rider’s back bib would display white numbers on a red background, instead of the usual black on white.
Whoever wins the daily combativity award during each road stage gets €2,000 each day while the overall ‘super combativity’ prize winner pockets €20,000.
History Of The Combativity Award
The prize was first awarded in 1952. Back then, there was a points classification system where each rider was given a score for aggression on each stage.
The cyclist with the most points at the end of the Tour was declared winner.
Previous Winners Of The Combativity Award
Eddy Merckx of Belgium holds the record for most wins of this award, with four of them under his belt. Most recently, Warren Barguil of France took the award.
|1954||France||Lucien Lazaridès (victory shared with François Mahé)||France South-East|
|1954||France||François Mahé (victory shared with Lucien Lazaridès)||France West|
|1957||France||Nicolas Barone||France Île-de-France|
|1959||France||Gérard Saint||France West South-West|
|1961||France||Team award||France West South-West|
|1962||Belgium||Eddy Pauwels||Wiel's–Groene Leeuw|
|1963||Belgium||Rik Van Looy||G.B.C.–Libertas|
|1966||West Germany||Rudi Altig||Molteni|
|1968||France||Roger Pingeon||France A|
|1984||France||Bernard Hinault||La Vie Claire|
|1986||France||Bernard Hinault||La Vie Claire|
|1989||France||Laurent Fignon||Super U–Raleigh–Fiat|
|1991||Italy||Claudio Chiappucci||Carrera Jeans–Tassoni|
|1992||Italy||Claudio Chiappucci||Carrera Jeans–Vagabond|
|1993||Italy||Massimo Ghirotto||ZG Mobili|
|1994||Italy||Eros Poli||Mercatone Uno–Medeghini|
|2003||Kazakhstan||Alexander Vinokourov||Team Telekom|
|2006||Spain||David de la Fuente||Saunier Duval–Prodir|
|2009||Italy||Franco Pellizotti[n 1]||Liquigas|
|2012||Denmark||Chris Anker Sørensen||Saxo Bank–Tinkoff Bank|
|2013||France||Christophe Riblon||Ag2r–La Mondiale|
|2014||Italy||Alessandro De Marchi||Cannondale|
|2015||France||Romain Bardet||AG2R La Mondiale|
|2017||France||Warren Barguil||Team Sunweb|